How can local food enterprise strengthen your local economy?
Grab something out of your cupboard. Now use the chart to the right and see if you can figure out where each step takes place. What's the value to your community for this product?
Preparation & Consumption - Is this at your house or a local restaurant?
Resource & Waste Recovery - If that's a recyclable package and you recycle, this probably happens in your community too. If you compost, that's local too.
Food Production - Where were the ingredients grown? in Texas? California, Mexico, or China? Can you tell from the label?
Distribution & Aggregation - How did the product arrive at the place where you bought it? Probably by truck through a distribution center somewhere far from your community.
Food Processing - Where was this product made? The label probably says "Manufactured for ..." and the place it was manufactured. Is that in your town or nearby? Where was the container made?
Marketing - Where is the marketing company that created the label, logo, and handsome graphics? Chicago? New York? In your town or city?
Markets & Purchasing - You probably bought this at your local grocery store and that store provides jobs in your community. Would you say these are good jobs? Who owns the grocery store and where are they located?
Look back at your list. How many of the distant locations could be changed to local ones? Maybe some are easy changes just by being more aware of your choices. Others will take effort. And still others cannot be changed (for example, we don't have salmon in Texas). It's your awareness that matters and you can move the needle toward buying more local food. Keeping your money at home makes a real difference in your community.'
Rural Gives Sacramento New Direction (Wallace Center)
Video from the City of Chicago introducing the reasons they are strengthening their local food economy.
Why Local Food Matters - USDA presentation to National Assoc. of Counties, Debra Tropp, USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, March, 2014 (PDF)
Farmers Talking with non-Farmers Tips (Farm and Dairy, Ohio) - tips for farmers
Food and Agriculture (topical articles from Union of Concerned Scientists)
News: Can Organic Farming Boost Economies? (Civil Eats, 2016) Hint: Maybe .. maybe not. More data is needed.
Food, Farms, and Community: Exploring Food Systems by Lisa Chase and Vern Grubinger
Do you understand what food systems are? Many people don’t and it's not easy to explain. This book is a great introduction – learn how our food gets from production to consumption and how we can create food and farming systems that promote the health of people and planet.
The End of Plenty: The Race to Feed a Crowded World by Joel K. Bourne, Jr.
A look at industrial farming and how food production must change to meet demands. The food situation is actually better than it was 20 years ago. There's more organic, local, and seasonal growing. It’s inspiring that students are interested in these issues now and we can make progress without overturning the whole system.
From Field to Fork: Food Ethics for Everyone by Paul Thompson
Should we buy organic or local? Should we care how farm animals are raised? Ethical dilemmas impact the way we shop for food. For people who aren't trained in ethics, it's sometimes hard to think about these things, and this book can help you start to sort it out.
This book has a good discussion of the development of the organic standards. It explains the importance of maintaining strict organic standards, and why there's such intense conflict about them. One of the biggest issues facing the organic industry is confidence in the standards.
Bryant Terry is truly concerned about the health of African Americans who tend to have much higher levels of chronic disease so he sets out to demonstrate that it's possible to cook a healthier, vegan diet using the ingredients of traditional African cuisine like collards, grits, and okra. A unique book.
This book is interviews of farmers in Montana and their success stories. She’s passionate. The farmers are passionate. It's an inspiring story.
Breadlines Knee-Deep in Wheat: Food Assistance in the Great Depression by Janet Poppendieck
If you want to understand the Farm Bill and the fight about food stamps - read this book. There was a lot of congressional fighting over SNAP from the beginning and it continues even now.
Lethal but Legal: Corporations, Consumption, and Protecting Public Health by Nick Freudenberg
This book shows the parallels between food issues and things like cigarettes, guns, and alcohol. Food producers use the same corporate strategies as these other industries to enrich themselves at the expense of public health. Freudenberg writes about ways for organizing against corporate power to create a healthier more sustainable environment.
Selling Food is Good Business in the Capital Area - But What About Food Production? Capital Area Council of Governments, Jan, 2017Local Food as an Economic Development Driver - seminar for community leaders held in Elgin in April 2016. Links to PDF's of agenda and presenter slides are below. We also made "home movie" quality video of the event and will post as we have it.
-- Farm to Table Caucus Advances Local Food Movement - How the bi-partisan Texas legislative caucus is addressing food policy and why (Texas Tribune, Sept. 2012)- Feasibility of a Texas Food Hub - National Center for Appropriate Technology, 2015 (PDF)
- Who Are The Organic Farmers in Texas? - National Center for Appropriate Technology, 2016 (PDF)
Do Farm-to-School Programs Create Local Economic Impacts? Choices magazine (Agricultural & Applied Economics), Jan, 2017Growing Economies: Connecting Local Farmers and Large-scale Food Buyers to Create Jobs and Revitalzie America's Heartland - Insitutional buyers, mid-size farms help rural economies (2016 Union of Concerned Scientists)
Key Studies: Why Local Matters - good summaries of a number of articles; good place to start!
Economic Benefits of Local Food North Dakota State University
Civic Economics - Many empirical studies of the benefits of supporting local retail stores
BALLE is a network of local business with lots of good resources at this link.
Good infographic from Local First West Michigan
Duncan, Arizona: Local Food as Economic Development - editorial, City mouse vs. country mouse (The Copper Era, Nov, 2016)
Did the Local Food Movement Trickle Down to Local Farmers? (August, 2016 Dawn Thilmany, Union of Concerned Scientists)
Differential expenditure patterns of local food system participants - research on expenditure patterns of farms that sell through local markets (defined as direct to consumer and intermediated markets by USDA’s Economic Research Service). (2015, Jablonski and Schmit)
Why Local Food Matters: The rising importance of locally-grown food in the U.S. food system, A National Persepctive (PDF; March, 2014 USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, Debra Tropp)
The Crossroads Center many excellent food system assessments are examples of what's possible in Texas!
Cherry Capital Foods - Traverse City, large Michigan food hub with rental kitchens; angel investor; very long payback; very cool building.
Piedmont Food and Agricultural Center - rural jobs through entrepreneurism. North Carolina fabulous facility for Makers; not enough storage space.
The Starting Block - incubator kitchen; we love these people; they run very lean, maybe too lean for their comfort; 35+ graduates as of 2015.
Oklahoma Food and Agricultural Products Center - Our Texas Center for Local Food consultant team is here and they are brilliant.
Earth Elements Kitchen - April Harrington is consulting for us; former farmer; 20 years experience; strong biz orientation.